Combining the disciplines of literary theory and psychology… Prologue to a social movement In the aftermath of World War IIthe lives of women in developed countries changed dramatically. Household technology eased the burdens of homemaking, life expectancies increased dramatically, and the growth of the service sector opened up thousands of jobs not dependent on physical strength. It became a worldwide best seller and raised feminist consciousness by stressing that liberation for women was liberation for men too. Women who had been told that they had it all—nice houses, lovely children, responsible husbands—were deadened by domesticity, she said, and they were too socially conditioned to recognize their own desperation.
Background[ edit ] The wave theory of social development holds that intense periods of social activity are followed by periods of remission, in which the activists involved intensely in mobilization are systematically marginalized and isolated. Ideological differences between radicals and moderates, led to a split and a period of deradicalization, with the largest group of women's activists spearheading movements to educate women on their new responsibilities as voters.
Organizations like the African National Congress Women's League the Irish Housewives Association the League of Women Votersthe Townswomen's Guilds and the Women's Institutes supported women and tried to educate them on how to use their new rights to incorporate themselves into the established political system.
Those who were still attached to the radical themes of equality were typically unmarried, employed, socially and economically advantaged and seemed to the larger society to be deviant.
For example, in Egypt, the Constitution eliminated gender barriers to labour, political access, and education through provisions for gender equality. As those governments turned to socialist policies, the state aimed to eliminate gender inequality through state action. They focused their efforts to address gendered power imbalances in their quest for respect of human rights and nationalist goals.
Black leaders were aware of the favorable climate for securing change and pushed forward the Civil Rights Movement to address racial inequalities.
In many countries they were not allowed to go into public spaces without a male chaperone. Marital rape was not a concept, as under law women had given consent to regular intercourse upon marrying. Introduction of the pill, gave many men a sense that as women could not get pregnant, they could not say no to intercourse.
Though families increasingly depended on dual incomes, women carried most of the responsibility for domestic work and care of children.
However, the Women's Liberation Movement was the first time that the idea of challenging sexism gained wide acceptance.
Slogans such as "workers of the world unite" turned into "women of the world unite" and key features like consciousness-raising and egalitarian consensus-based policies "were inspired by similar techniques used in China".
In the book, de Beauvoir put forward the idea that equality did not require women be masculine to become empowered. Byde Beauvoir and Mead's works had been translated into Danish and became widely influential with feminists. Though most groups operated independently—there were no national umbrella organizations—there were unifying philosophies of women participating in the movement.
Challenging patriarchy and the hierarchical organization of society which defined women as subordinate in both public and private spheres, liberationists believed that women should be free to define their own individual identity as part of human society.
Even the fact that women had been denied the vote was something few university students were aware of in the era. Since women's inequality within their employment, family and society were commonly experienced by all women, separation meant unity of purpose to evaluate their second-class status.What Was the Women's Liberation Movement of the 's?
The WLM of the 's was a feminist movement that took place in the United States during the 's.
The feminist movement (also known as the women's movement, Economists Mark Aguiar and Erik Hurst calculate that the amount of time spent on housework by women since the s has dropped considerably. Political movements come from the streets and are what the people as a whole want to see changed.
An academic women study . s - Introduction of the contraceptive pill. 4 December The contraceptive pill was launched in The pill suppresses women's fertility using the hormones progestogen or oestrogen (or both).
In it was available to married women only, but availability was extended in By the mid’s, almost half a century after women won the right to vote, women’s rights activism joined the explosion of civil rights, anti-war, and student movements.
Nov 20, · Women’s movement, diverse social movement, largely based in the United States, seeking equal rights and opportunities for women in their economic activities, their personal lives, and politics. It is recognized as the “second wave” of the larger feminist movement.
Women's Liberation Movement Print Culture Manifestos, speeches, essays, and other materials documenting various aspects of the Women's Movement in the United States in the s .