Translate this page from English Print Page Change Text Size: Critical thinking is a rich concept that has been developing throughout the past years.
Translate this page from English Print Page Change Text Size: The Problem Everyone thinks. It is our nature to do so. But much of our thinking, left to itself, is biased, distorted, partial, uninformed, or downright prejudiced.
Yet, the quality of our life and that of what we produce, make, or build depends precisely on the quality of our thought.
Shoddy thinking is costly, both in money and in quality of life. Excellence in thought, however, must be systematically cultivated.
Critical thinking is self-directed, self-disciplined, self-monitored, and self-corrective thinking. It presupposes assent to rigorous standards of excellence and mindful command of their use.
It entails effective communication and problem-solving abilities, as well as a commitment to overcome our native egocentrism and sociocentrism. To Assess Thinking Check it for clarity, accuracy, precision, relevance, depth, breadth, significance, logic, and fairness. Etymologically, then, the word implies the development of "discerning judgment based on standards.
The tradition of research into critical thinking reflects the common perception that human thinking left to itself often gravitates toward prejudice, over-generalization, common fallacies, self-deception, rigidity, and narrowness.
It assumes that the capacity of humans for good reasoning can be nurtured and developed by an educational process aimed directly at that end. The history of critical thinking documents the development of this insight in a variety of subject matter domains and in a variety of social situations.
Each major dimension of critical thinking has been carved out in intellectual debate and dispute through years of intellectual history. That history allows us to distinguish two contradictory intellectual tendencies: Our basic concept of critical thinking is, at root, simple. We could define it as the art of taking charge of your own mind.
Its value is also at root simple: Of course, this requires that we learn self-discipline and the art of self-examination.
This involves becoming interested in how our minds work, how we can monitor, fine tune, and modify their operations for the better.
It involves getting into the habit of reflectively examining our impulsive and accustomed ways of thinking and acting in every dimension of our lives. All that we do, we do on the basis of some motivations or reasons.
But we rarely examine our motivations to see if they make sense. We rarely scrutinize our reasons critically to see if they are rationally justified.Critical thinking is the ability to engage in reasoned discourse with intellectual standards such as clarity, accuracy, precision, and logic, and to use analytic skills with a fundamental value orientation that emphasizes intellectual humility, intellectual integrity, and fair-mindedness.
Critical thinking is the process of independently analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating information as a guide to behavior and beliefs.
The American Philosophical Association has defined critical thinking as "the process of purposeful, self-regulatory judgment. The process gives reasoned. Critical thinking is deemed one of the most important and necessary skills for college graduates endeavoring to be effective contributors in the global marketplace.
Dartmouth Writing Program support materials - including development of argument. Fundamentals of Critical Reading and Effective Writing. Mind Mirror Projects: A Tool for Integrating Critical Thinking into the English Language Classroom (), by Tully, in English Teaching Forum, State Department, Number 1 Critical Thinking Across the Curriculum Project, Metropolitan Community College.
Critical thinking definition, disciplined thinking that is clear, rational, open-minded, and informed by evidence: The questions are intended to develop your critical thinking.
See . Critical thinking definition, disciplined thinking that is clear, rational, open-minded, and informed by evidence: The questions are intended to develop your critical thinking.