The original Northern objective in the Civil War was the preservation of the Union—a war aim with which virtually everybody in the free states agreed. As the fighting progressed, the Lincoln government Origins of Reconstruction The national debate over Reconstruction began during the Civil War. In Decemberless than a year after he issued the Emancipation ProclamationPres. To Lincoln, the plan was an attempt to weaken the Confederacy rather than a blueprint for the postwar South.
The Failure of Reconstruction: Washington founds Tuskegee Institute Plessy v. To safeguard these rights permanently, states ratified the Fourteenth Amendment and enfranchised black men with the Fifteenth Amendment. Congress also passed the Ku Klux Klan Act ofwhich outlawed racial terrorism, and the Civil Rights Act ofwhich prohibited racial discrimination in most public places.
In addition to these measures, Congress sent federal troops into the South to help blacks register to vote.
Then, in the complex maneuvering of the Compromise ofRepublicans traded the presidency the election of Rutherford B. Hayes for the premature withdrawal of federal troops from the South.
This compromise effectively ended Reconstruction and set back the hope of equality for southern blacks for decades.
Within a few short years, the powerful white elite had returned to power in southern legislatures and had reinstated its racist policies in the South. Sharecropping and the Black Codes During the last decades of the s, life for southern blacks was harsh. Bymost blacks had become sharecroppers, tenant farmers who essentially rented land from their former masters.
Even though most former slaves actually preferred the sharecropping system to wage labor, it kept them bound to their white landlords in virtual slavery.
State authorities fined and arrested blacks who disobeyed these laws, so the codes effectively made racism legal. Moreover, the black codes gave the white supremacist Ku Klux Klan even more of a motive and opportunity to terrorize blacks.
As a result, almost all southern blacks at the time lived in abject poverty and had virtually no social or political rights. Racial Darwinism Although northern blacks enjoyed more rights than southern blacks, they still suffered from severe racial prejudice.
It is therefore not surprising that most blacks even in the North were able to obtain only unskilled jobs and lived in some of the poorest neighborhoods.Reconstruction Comes to an End; The Union victory in the Civil War in may have given some 4 million slaves their freedom, but the process of rebuilding the South during the Reconstruction period () introduced a new set of significant challenges.
Reconstruction was a turbulent time as the aftermath of the Civil War left unanswered the fate of former slaves.
Congress responded by passing Constitutional amendments and laws aimed to help freedmen. The words “tragic” and “tragedy” have long been linked to the Reconstruction era in the United States, but the reason for the association has shifted over time. Why was Reconstruction a failure?
The Reconstruction of the South was a period where the government decided they needed to solve economic and political problems that had become over the years. I think the Reconstruction Era was a failure for many reasons. The "failure" issue. Reconstruction is widely considered a failure, though the reason for this is a matter of controversy.
The Dunning School considered failure inevitable because it felt that taking the right to vote or hold office away from Southern whites was a violation of republicanism. The words “tragic” and “tragedy” have long been linked to the Reconstruction era in the United States, but the reason for the association has shifted over time.