Redressing Imbalances APHA Policy Statement — Health Research on Housing and the Residential Environment Abstract Unwanted and disturbing sound increases the risk for a variety of negative health outcomes such as heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, hearing loss, and sleep disturbance.
In the first months since the new Congress convened, the House has held dozens of hearings designed to elicit criticisms of regulations, introduced legislation that would dramatically alter the regulatory process by requiring congressional approval of all major regulations, and passed a spending bill that would slash the funding levels of regulatory agencies and restrict their ability to enact rules covering areas such as greenhouse gas emissions.
In support of each of these steps, opponents of regulation argue that agency rules are damaging to the economy in general and job generation in particular.
Regulations are frequently discussed only in the context of their threat to job creation, while their role in protecting lives, public health, and the environment is ignored. This report reviews whether the evidence backs the perspective of regulatory opponents.
The first section looks broadly at the effects of regulations, whether they play a useful role in the economy, and whether their overall benefits outweigh their overall costs. The second section assesses the theory and evidence for the assertion that regulations undermine jobs and the economy.
The last section examines the kinds of studies that are discussed when regulations are being formulated; these studies, often cited in debates and therefore of great importance, tend to be prospective estimates of the effects of proposed regulations.
These three sections are previewed in this executive summary: The broad role of regulation. A perspective that considers only the potential damages of regulations to the economy and employment is far from complete, and can lead to a distorted view of their implications.
Indeed, many regulations have the explicit intention and effect of aiding the economy and strengthening particular industries, thereby securing jobs.
Three recent events should have made clear the dangers of the narrow view that regulation causes economic harm. Eight million jobs were lost in the Great Recession, and the labor and housing markets remain painfully weak.
Even Alan Greenspan, chairman of the Federal Reserve Board from to and a leading proponent of market self-regulation, has admitted that this approach failed during the crisis. And, as noted in the body of this paper, the director of the Securities and Exchange Commission and a former leading Republican member of Congress testified in In a speech before the American Economic Association on how the bubble should have been prevented or controlled, current Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke emphasized the importance of stricter and more strongly enforced mortgage regulation.
A second recent event reinforcing the importance of sound regulation to the economy and employment is the BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill of The third example of how sound regulation can aid the economy is the passage of the Food Safety Modernization Act in December This confidence had been shaken by a series of high-profile incidents of tainted food and by the 48 million cases of food-borne illnesses in the United States each year.
Of course, regulations may have significant compliance costs, but costs may be warranted if the rules will produce even larger economic and social benefits. To assess this balance, the Office of Management and Budget each year prepares a cost-benefit report on regulation.
On average, the value of the benefits was about seven times the cost.Home / Policy Areas / Air Quality Committee / Air Pollution – Law and Policy / Air Pollution Laws National Air Quality Law and Policy The Air Quality Strategy for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland sets out UK air quality standards and objectives for .
Environmental pollution comes in various forms, such as: air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, etc. Everyone is a stakeholder as we are all inhabitants of this one and only mother earth. Each person can contribute something to advance environmental pollution mitigation measures.
According to Bowling, the new law will help spur institutional reform and the development of regimens for pollution control and environmental impact assessments, among other things.
“Like most fledgling institutions,” she says, “NEPA now requires time to establish itself properly within the new government . Law of the People's Republic of China on Prevention and Control of Pollution from Environmental Noise Law of the People's Republic of China on Prevention and Control of Water Pollution Law of the People's Republic of China on Water and Soil Conservation.
pollution control laws and regulations administered by EPA. It also outlines the roles of federal (including regional offices) and state regulators, as well as the regulated community.
Understanding the many facets of how all federal pollution control laws are enforced, and . Chapter A. Pollution Control and Environment.
Environmental Policy Act. § A Title. The policies, rules, and public laws of this State shall be interpreted and official as a conclusion by that agency that there is no significant environmental impact.
Any unit of local government .