After most of Ireland got its freedom from Britain, the northern part remained in union with England, Scotland and Wales. In the following text we will look at some frequently asked questions FAQs in connection with the situation in Northern Ireland. To find out more about the history of the conflict and the current situation in Northern Ireland, go to the links given below. What is the difference between Ireland and Northern Ireland?
Economic and political developments Integration in Europe Economic Development, a plan for national regeneration, had been published in under the name of T. Whitaker, an exceptional civil servant and then secretary of the Department of Finance.
Lemass and Whitaker implemented the First Programme for Economic Expansion —63under which the principle of protection was abandoned and foreign investment encouraged, while a targeted growth rate of 2 percent resulted in 4 percent actual growth.
This prosperity brought profound social and cultural changes to what had been one of the poorest countries in Europe. Emigration substantially declined; access to education broadened; consumer spending increased, and holidaying abroad became commonplace; Catholic social teaching was challenged; and the advent of an Irish television service eroded traditional values and led to a relaxation of censorship of books and films.
Engagement in Europe transformed Ireland socially as well as economically. The act called for the harmonization of social and fiscal measures taken within the EEC and was a forerunner of the Maastricht Treaty Treaty on European Unionwhich paved the way for the establishment of economic and monetary union and was approved by a large majority of Irish voters in a referendum.
Despite a brief boom, serious economic problems had become evident by These included declining agricultural prices, rising prices for imported oil, only a small increase in output, and a rapidly growing population, nearly half of which was under age Moreover, foreign borrowing increased, and unemployment and inflation rose steeply.
The early s were politically volatile.
The major campaign issues of the era were economic policy, including the imposition of a wealth tax, and the removal of a constitutional ban on divorce. In the face of a large budget deficit, a program of severe public spending cuts was introduced.
The government was defeated on a no-confidence vote in November, and another general election—the third in 18 months—followed. This time a Fine Gael—Labour coalition under the leadership of FitzGerald secured a working majority.
By the mids the economy was showing signs of improvement. Inflation was at its lowest level in nearly two decades, helped by lower oil prices. However, the budget deficit and high unemployment continued to pose problems. Emigration, a barometer of Irish economic ill health, again began to increase in the mids.
The prolonged recession had once again brought to the surface doubts and anxieties about the future of the Irish state and its real independence. Inflation was low; budget deficits were reduced; and the annual growth rate was averaging more than 5 percent.
The economy continued to boom throughout the late s, fueled by the high-technology sector, with unemployment dropping to historically low levels. The election of a candidate with socialist and feminist sympathies was regarded as a watershed in Irish political life, reflecting the changes taking place in Irish society.Republic of Ireland: After sixteen years in power de Valera finally loses an election, in A man by now of great international prestige, he uses his leisure to tour the world proclaiming the need for full Irish independence and the end of partition.
Page Compiled: Martin Melaugh, Brendan Lynn, and Fionnuala McKenna Material is added to this site on a regular basis - information on this page may change. Ireland (Irish: Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] (listen)), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 .
Republic of Ireland – 20th Century to present day. The Constitution re-established the state as the Republic of Ireland. In Ireland joined the European Economic Community (now the European Union). In the s the Irish economy was in recession and large numbers of people emigrated for employment reasons.
The Republic of Ireland In the general election of , Fianna Fáil failed to gain a majority, winning only 68 of the seats in the Dáil, but de Valera refused to enter a coalition. John A. Costello emerged as the leader of an interparty government led by his own party, Fine Gael.
This is a definition that I found online: “ Social background means one's social demographics such as one's colour, creed, race, language, education, life style, religion (sometimes included as social background), and nationality.