The first page of the Arborean Carta de Logu Sardinian was the first Romance language of all to gain official status,  being used by the four Giudicati "Judgedoms" or "Judicatures" former quarrelling Byzantine districts that became independent political entities after the Arab expansion in the Mediterranean cut off any ties left between the island and Byzantium.
Introduction Evolution itself is simply the process of change over time. When applied to biology, evolution generally refers to changes in life forms over time. The Theory of Biological Evolution is most often associated with Charles Darwin, because it was Charles Darwin that proposed the mechanism of natural selection and accompanied that proposition with a large volume of empirical data providing evidence for biological evolution.
Darwin was not, however, the first person to propose an evolutionary explanation for the diversity of life on earth. In fact, evolutionary concepts about life date far back into history and arose in many different cultures. The Greeks developed a concept of evolution over 2, years ago that was basically equivalent to that of Charles Darwin's, but the early Christians opposed the idea and destroyed all of the works that promoted it or any other naturalistic explanations for earthly phenomena.
Origin Mythology There are literally thousands of different mythological stories about the origin of the world and of life. There are several common themes in origin mythology, but there are many different means by which the universe, earth, life, and man have come into being throughout the various different origin myths.
The importance and role of origin mythology has varied widely from culture to culture throughout history as well. In many archaic cultures origin mythology was not central to the belief system, nor were the origin myths fully thought-out to a logical conclusion.
In societies that did not have writing, origin myths, like all of the other myths, were passed down orally, and often served as a form of entertainment as well as a means of passing on beliefs that were important to the society.
When looking at origin myths from around the world several patterns can be observed. The origin myths of pre-agricultural societies tend to place humans and animals in close relations, while the origin myths of agricultural societies tend describe a separate creation of humans.
Some of the beliefs about humans and animals that are expressed in various origin myths include beliefs that: Among more technologically advanced societies, where separation between humans and other animals was more pronounced and where humans had domesticated animals, themes such as the domination of man over animals, the separate creation of man from animals, and the creation of animals for the use of man are common themes in origin mythology.
Australian Aboriginal culture is thought to be the oldest continuous culture in the world, due to the isolation of the Australian continent. The mythology of the Aboriginal Australians is also thought to be reflective of some of man's earliest mythology.
Below is one telling of Aboriginal Australian origin mythology.
In the beginning the earth was a bare plain. There was no life, no death. The sun, the moon, and the stars slept beneath the earth. All the eternal ancestors slept there, too, until at last they woke themselves out of their own eternity and broke through to the surface.
When the eternal ancestors arose, in the Dreamtime, they wandered the earth, sometimes in animal form - as kangaroos, or emus, or lizards -- sometimes in human shape, sometimes part animal and human, sometimes as part human and plant. Two such beings, self-created out of nothing, were the Ungambikula.
Wandering the world, they found half-made human beings.From The Delian League To The Athenian Empire Thomas Ash Introduction. When Athens began to emerge as a Greek city state in the ninth century, it was a poor city, built on and surrounded by undesirable land, which could support only a few poor crops and olive trees.
WHEN China was first unified in BC, Rome was fighting Carthage for dominion over the western Mediterranean.
Rome would go on to rise further and, famously, fall. This book, which ranges between the fields of sociology, political science, philosophy, cultural anthropology, and literature, offers a critique of normative models of modernization derived from Eurocentric and North Atlantic paradigms, while claiming that autonomous paths to modernity exist in the Mediterranean and the so-called Global Souths.
Free drought papers, essays, and research papers. Consequences of the Drought in the Central Valley - On the heart (center) of California is a flat area with miles and miles of .
This remarkable translation of Franco Cassano's Southern Thought,supplemented by other essays on the Mediterranean, offers to the English speaking world the long awaited and much needed access to one of the most original and provocative minds of our times. Other Essays On The Mediterranean Europe and Southern Thought -- Greece, the Sea, and Philosophy -- The End of Moderation: Europe between the Mediterranean and the Ocean -- The Necessary South -- Southern Thought -- 8.