Research paper on pros and cons pre k initiative

Disclaimer Ethical challenges in cluster randomized controlled trials: Ekjut Project, Chakradharpur, Jharkhand, India. Correspondence to David Osrin e-mail: Bulletin of the World Health Organization ;

Research paper on pros and cons pre k initiative

Fear is an extremely powerful motivator. If you are scared about your safety or the safety of your family and friends, you are likely to take the most obvious protective action quickly without wasting time studying the nuances of your possible options.

Research paper on pros and cons pre k initiative

This 'fight or flight' response is one of our most primitive survival strategies, and it is difficult to counter fear with a calmly considered discussion. I intend to try, however, and if you are reading this page because you have heard that community water fluoridation is dangerous to your health and ineffective, I encourage you to set aside your fears and consider the following content with an open mind.

There are plenty of places you can regain that fear later, if I am unable to convince you that your fears are unfounded. Fear is a powerful motivator.

This is an accurate analysis - language alert, though The Introduction briefly summarizes the reasons I am not convinced by the fluoridation opponents' arguments about the alleged danger we are all exposed to as a result of community drinking water fluoridation.

There is legitimate scientific disagreement about whether fluoridation is as significant a preventative measure for dental decay today as it was before the introduction of fluoride-containing toothpaste, fluoride dental treatments and other sources of the fluoride ion.

This section contains over fifty links to books, articles, endorsements and position statements that describe the history, benefits, risks and costs of fluoridation. The references provide a cross section of the wide acceptance in the scientific, medical and government communities of fluoridation as a safe and effective way to increase community dental health.

I admit I have 'cherry picked' these resources specifically to counter the claim that there is no reliable evidence to support the scientific consensus that fluoridation is a process that is both safe and effective.

The risks that have been identified are not ignored by the scientific, dental and medical communities, but the potential benefits of fluoridation at optimal levels have consistently been found to outweigh any known or suspected risks. Over national and International health organizations recognize the public health benefit of fluoridation as a safe and effective method to reduce dental decay.

This section contains links to over published, reviewed studies that demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of community water fluoridation as well as the risks of excessive exposure. In this section I provide a very specific example of how fluoridation opponents use fear and the misrepresentation of study results to manufacture a problem where none exists and sell the resulting illusion to the public as fact.

I am against this type of blatant manipulation of evidence to justify any belief. If a position is scientifically valid, that position can, and should, be supported and justified using a fair presentation of the evidence - twisting evidence only confuses the issue.

Both papers examine the same hypothesis, that exposure to optimally fluoridated drinking water 0. These experts serve pro bono to advise the federal government and the general public on scientific and technological issues that affect people's lives worldwide.

It apparently does not matter at all to fluoridation opponents that these statements are a complete misstatement of the paper's conclusions. I created this reference page to refute claims you may have encountered that there is no evidence to support the safety and effectiveness of drinking water fluoridation as a method to enhance community dental health.

I selected this representation of articles, stories and reference papers to provide clear evidence that over sixty five years of research has, in fact, produced hundreds of studies and reviews that conclude drinking water fluoridation at optimal levels of 0.

I do not claim there is no negative evidence regarding fluoridation or that all negative evidence should be ignored.

As with the study of any complex subject, it is the consensus reached after all evidence is fairly evaluated that is important - not the conclusions drawn by accepting only selected evidence. Fear sells ideas just as effectively as it sells products. Sex doesn't sell, it's fear. In the first episode of Mad Men Smoke gets in your eyes Don Draper outlines the appeal of fear as a tool for selling with chilling clarity.

One former marketing executive from a soft drinks multinational even told me how they would brainstorm these anxieties on a "whiteboard of worry".reviews of Northcentral University written by students. Britain's Transform Drug Policy Foundation released a report, entitled A Comparison of the Cost-effectiveness of Prohibition and Regulation, on April 7, that posited savings of up to $20 billion annually under a legal, regulated drug control rutadeltambor.com the April 10 edition of the Drug War Chronicle explains ("Britain Could Save $20 Billion a Year by Legalizing Drugs, Study Finds.

What I Am Reading – on Yardeni Research.

Research paper on pros and cons pre k initiative

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Central banks. Research Brief School Uniforms Question: What are the Pros and Cons of School Uniforms? An overview of pros and cons of implementing a dress code policy and • The Long Beach Unified School District uniform initiative: A prevention-intervention strategy for urban schools.

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4 What Are the Pros & Cons of Being Cyberschooled? Among the worries that come with having a 4-year-old is the decision of whether or not your child should attend preschool.

Placing a child in a preschool program is an important decision, whether he was previously at home with a parent or enrolled in a day care facility.

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