The following module describes common methods for collecting qualitative data.
No Comments Qualitative research, sometimes also referred to as naturalistic inquiry, is a distinct field of research with its own research philosophy, theory and methodology.
The qualitative paradigm suggests that there are multiple realities, and what we are researching are constructs. In other words, qualitative research usually does not happen in a lab, or while sitting at a desk. It generally requires going out, talking to people, observing what they do, as well as how they perceive and interpret things.
Also, it does not aim to generalize findings to entire populations. Therefore, the research question that you ultimately choose guides your inquiry and reflects this stance. The vocabulary of your questions will usually suggest to the reader your intent to explore a certain phenomenon in its natural context.
To learn more about the differences between qualitative and quantitative research, you can read the post: Choosing Between Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches. The process of developing qualitative research questions It is very unlikely that your first attempt to develop a good research question will be without hurdles.
Every question usually undergoes a process of reflection and refinement before you get your question to its final version. It is usually helpful to share your draft question with others mentor, advisor, colleagues, other students so they can comment on it and help you improve and reach better clarity.
As it stands, it refers to a broad group of people who might be difficult to capture in one single study. People can change careers for different reasons e.
We might want to consider narrowing this question down and focusing only on one group, for example: What special challenges are encountered by people who switch careers later in life due to not being able to perform their primary profession anymore because of age-related health issues?
This group of participants could then be narrowed down even further to distinguish between different sub-groups of health issues mental health, physical illness, accidents, etc. The first question could serve as the overarching question, followed by sub-questions referring to different examples of health problems.
The process of crafting a good research question can begin with writing down a qualitative purpose statement regarding your research. When accomplishing this try using words such as explore, understand, discover.
Your purpose statement can also mention the participants and the research site. An example of a purpose statement would be: The purpose of this study is to explore how online tools can help with dieting.
The purpose statement can then be used to develop your research question, which narrows down your purpose statement and makes it more specific.
For the previous statement, the research question could be: What are the experiences of women aged 30 to 40 using smartphone applications for dieting? Examples of research questions for different qualitative methodologies Different types of studies go under the umbrella of qualitative research; each with its own philosophy and ways of looking at the world as well as various methods of interpreting data.
Here are some qualitative research question examples that could be used through different qualitative approaches: What are the attitudes of elderly people with stroke towards the daily use of assistive devices and technologies?
How do female high school teachers who have been physically assaulted by students overcome their fears so they can effectively teach? How does a good everyday life come about when living with chronic rheumatic conditions? What strategies are being used by small businesses that have effective and viable workplace wellness programs?
Check out this post for a brief overview of qualitative versus quantitative research questions, and some more example of questions.
Further reading Agee, J.
Qualitative research is a vast and complex area of methodology that can easily take up whole textbooks on its own. The purpose of this section is to introduce you to the idea of qualitative research (and how it is related to quantitative research) and give you some orientation to the major types of qualitative research data, approaches and methods. An essential guide for anyone new to or brushing up on qualitative methodology. This clear, student-centered guide offers first person insights and true-to-life stories that prepare readers for all of the surprises that await researchers in the field. In qualitative research, only a sample (that is, a subset) of a popula- tion is selected for any given study. The study’s research objectives and the characteristics of the.
Developing qualitative research questions: International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education. Differences between phenomenological research and a basic qualitative research design.An essential guide for anyone new to or brushing up on qualitative methodology.
This clear, student-centered guide offers first person insights and true-to-life stories that prepare readers for all of the surprises that await researchers in the field.
A Guide to Using Qualitative Research Methodology Reproduced with kind permission of Michael Quinn Patton. Executive Summary This guide to using qualitative research methodology is designed to help you think then qualitative methods are often appropriate.
Examples of topics that qualitative. When applying qualitative research methods, the emphasis is put on the natural setting and the pointsof views of the research participants. Additionally, . Different textbooks place different meanings on research design. Some authors consider research design as the choice between qualitative and quantitative research methods.
Others argue that research design refers to the choice of specific methods of data collection and analysis. In your.
Qualitative research methods could help us to improve our understanding of medicine. Rather than thinking of qualitative and quantitative strategies as incompatible, they should be seen as complementary.
A Guide to Using Qualitative Research Methodology - The file linked below contains a full description of how to conduct qualitative sampling, including a chart that lists the types of sampling techniques and includes examples.