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However, humans may perceive feedback about their environmental behavior as threatening. According to self-determination theory SDTthreats decrease intrinsic motivation for behavior change. Therefore, individuals should show self-defensive biases, e.
The current study examines how change recipients respond to threats from change agents in interactions about environmental behavior change. Moreover, we investigate how Motivational Interviewing MI — an intervention aimed at increasing intrinsic motivation — can reduce threats at both the social and cognitive level.
We videotaped 68 dyadic interactions with change agents who either did or did not use MI control group. As hypothesized, threats were significantly lower when change agents used MI. Perceived confrontations converged with observable social behavior of change agents in both groups.
Our results imply that MI reduces the adverse impact of threats in conversations about environmental behavior change on both the social and cognitive level.
We discuss theoretical implications of our study in the context of SAT and SDT and suggest practical implications for environmental change agents in organizations.
Introduction Most of us have an understanding that natural and energy resources are finite and have considered our own carbon footprint. The intention behind many pro-environmental initiatives is that individuals will respond to negative feedback about their environmental behavior by changing their behavior and becoming more environmentally friendly.
However, people often resist such feedback and therefore lack positive behavior change in terms of more sustainable activities Sherman and Cohen, Information about climate change is potentially threatening to individuals because it implies changes and constraints in human living conditions Fritsche et al.
In order to alleviate individual responses to threats in social interactions, we introduce Motivational Interviewing MI as a communication approach. We explicate how MI can prevent potential threats in social interactions about behavior change by reducing the actual amount of threats social effect as well as alleviating the negative perception of threats cognitive effect.
Threats in Social Interactions A substantial body of research has focused on various reasons why individuals may experience threats in social interactions e.
Means by which people feel threatened are, for example, verbal confrontations with a certain discrepancy at present. Other studies have focused on the overall need for order and stability.
When this perceived behavioral freedom is threatened by a persuasive message, individuals are motivated to reinstate that particular freedom.
Consequently, they engage in defensive behaviors that are directed away from the behavior that the persuasive message targets on. Based on these previous findings and in line with Jonas et al. We apply this assumption to the case of feedback about environmental behavior: That is, individuals who are confronted with a discrepancy between their current environmental behavior and a desired pro-environmental behavior, experience this as a threat.Day Date Unit 1: History and Research Reading 1 Review Worksheet (20) Study Guide Matching (10) 8 Test 40 Multiple Choice (20 Language/20 Intelligence) FRQ.
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Some of the reasons put forward to support their choice indicate that they are grappling with the concepts of relevance (to them), reliability of the data provided, and the need to provide proper evidence for opinions expressed. OPERATIONAL DEFINITION.
By. Nugent, Pam M.S. - April 7, a meaning of something with regard to the operations by which it could be viewed and gauged. OPERATIONAL DEFINITION: "Operational definitions are not easy for persons with no psychological background to .
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Using Motivational Interviewing to reduce threats in conversations about environmental behavior Florian E.
Klonek 1*, Amelie V. Güntner 2, Nale Lehmann-Willenbrock 2 and Simone Kauffeld 1 1 Department of Industrial/Organizational and Social Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany.
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