Certified Educator The life-span perspective is one method for studying and understanding human development. As humans mature from infancy to old age, they undergo many physiological, emotional, and psychological changes. The more traditional approach for studying such changes sees most changes occurring between birth and adolescence, no change occurring during adulthood, and digressions occurring in old age.
Sunday, July 21, Life Span Perspective The life span perspective of development provides intriguing information about the development of individuals through their lifespan, such as who individuals are, how individuals came to be who they are, and who those individuals will become.
Psychoanalytic theories offer insight into life span development and explain the stages of development that individuals proceed through in their lifespan.
The life span perspective of development also provides important information in regard to how the effects of heredity, and the environment may interact to produce individual differences in life span development.
Life Span Perspective of Development To study human development the life span perspective is necessary because it does not just take into account the development that occurs in childhood or adulthood but every phases of life Berger, The life span perspective is a view of human development characterized by multicontextual, multicultural, multidisciplinary, multidirectional, and plastic characteristics Development is multicontextual, therefore the several contexts, such as economic constraints, family patterns, and historical conditions embed the lives of humans Berger, Development is multicultural; therefore several cultures affect the development of individuals.
Development is multidisciplinary; therefore psychology and other disciplines, such as biology, neuroscience, education, economics, anthropology, sociology, religion, history, genetics, and medicine provide insight into development Berger, Development is multidirectional; therefore change occurs in every aspect of life and in every direction and not just in a straight line.
Development is plastic; therefore any individual possess traits, which may be altered at any given time during life, and change that occurs is ongoing but not easy or random. Freud believed that development occurred in stages and that the first six years of development occurs in three stages characterized by sexual interest and pleasure centered on a certain part of the body Berger, The oral stage occurs from birth to one year of age and in this stage the particular part of the body of focus is areas of the mouth, such as the tongue, lips, and gums.
The anal stage occurs between the ages of one and three and the particular part of the body of focus is the anus. The phallic stage occurs between the ages of three and six and the particular part of the body of focus is the penis.
In this stage genital stimulation is how pleasure derives. Latency occurs after the phallic stage. After latency the genital stage occurs at puberty and lasts throughout adulthood.
Freud believed that earlier stages influenced adult habits and personalities, therefore new stages did occur in adult years. The interaction between the social environment and the individual is beneficial to resolving all crises. For each crisis Erikson named two polarities and identified a wide range of outcomes between these opposites Berger, The developmental stages of this psychosocial theory center on social needs.
The eight stages are trust vs.
The Effects of Heredity and the Environment Heredity nature and the environment nurture both have an influence over the development of individuals. Whether nature or nurture has more of an influence over individual development is debatable.
Heredity or nature refers to inherited traits and genes, and the environment family, friends, or society or nurture refers to extrinsic affects and both nature and nurture influence individuals an entire life span Berger, The exchange between nature and nurture is dynamic and complex and both nature and nurture exert dynamic and continual influence on development.
This exchange is indeterminable; however, often it is obvious that exerts more influences on development. However, the debate of nature vs. Conclusion The life span perspective provides dynamic information in relation to how and why individuals develop and who individuals will develop into.According to Kail & Cavanaugh () it is the case that the life span perspective of development holds that ageing is simply a part of life and that there is an associated life-long process of development that begins with conception and ultimately ends with death.
Sep 15, · A Life-Span Perspective. Within the context of work, a life-span perspective holds that patterns of change and transition occur throughout the working life.
The LSD perspective conceptualizes human development as multidimensional and multidirectional processes of growth involving both gains and losses across the entire life span (e.g., Baltes, ; Baltes, Staudinger, & Lindenberger, ).
This perspective is in no way based on purely ontological notions of development rooted in biology: We. The life-span perspective is one method for studying and understanding human rutadeltambor.com humans mature from infancy to old age, they undergo many physiological, emotional, and psychological.
Life-span perspective The perspective that development is lifelong, multidimensional, multidirectional, plastic, multidisciplinary, and contextual; involves growth, maintenance, and regulation; and is constructed through biological, sociocultural, and individual factors working together.
LIFE-SPAN DEVELOPMENT. Life-span developmental theory provides a framework for understanding human aging. The main purpose of theory in the study of aging is to provide a context for describing and explaining the regular transformations that occur with time to representative organisms living under representative conditions.