Effect of blast loading on a person protected by body armour

Click here for Battle Ready Medieval Swords and Armors Longswords The Longsword is a type of European sword used during the late medieval period, approximately to with early and late use reaching into the 13th and 17th centuries, respectively. Longswords have long cruciform hilts with grips over 10 to 15in length providing room for two hands.

Effect of blast loading on a person protected by body armour

There are specific hazards association with each of these options. Officers responsible for their use must be fully trained in the options and risk assessments need to be undertaken in respect of the use of these specific methods.

Officers being deployed when these methods are being used must be briefed on the potential consequences and effects. Commanders authorising the use of forcible entry equipment also referred to as method of entry MOE equipment need to be fully aware of the implications associated with its use.

Respirators Advice for operations where police officers require respiratory protection against CS can be found in: AFOs who are issued with respirators must be trained in the correct use of the equipment. The current respirator is designed to protect against CS, but it should not be presumed that it will protect against other threats.

In particular, it will not offer protection in oxygen deficient atmospheres such as burning buildings. A number of officers are also equipped to undertake duties to deal with CBRN chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear environments, and they have been issued with equipment relevant to these tasks.

Vehicle stopping and immobilisation devices There are several types of vehicle stopping devices designed to slow a vehicle and bring it to a halt in a controlled manner. In appropriate situations shotgun breaching rounds can be used to rapidly deflate the tyres of a vehicle which has been brought under control, in a way which minimises risk.

Officers should, however, take account of the fact that subjects may believe they are under fire, resulting in an escalation of the situation. This should be balanced against the situational benefits of preventing a subject from driving off.

Conventional ammunition should not be used to deflate tyres as it is unlikely to be effective and can ricochet, thereby presenting unacceptable risks.

Body armour and ballistic protection A quality framework process in respect of body armour standards has been developed by CASTACPOpolice staff associations and forces. These are set out in a series of CAST publications on body armour. Body armour and ballistic protection available to the police service includes protection against: Risk assessment Forces must regularly review the threats, via the Strategic Firearms Threat and Risk Assessment, to which officers are being exposed.

This includes changing trends in respect of the types of incidents and operations to which officers are being deployed. Forces should consider whether they require a hybrid body armour that provides both ballistic and sharp edged weapon protection. Chief officers should factor into their risk assessment not only the weaponry likely to be used by subjects that officers may have to confront, but also the ballistic threat posed by the weapon that officers are being deployed with.

The issues associated with body armour are particularly relevant to chief officers.

interior of a protected building. Overall, the hazard level to occupants is significantly minimized by the installation of blast drapes. However, a person sitting directly adjacent to a window outfitted with a blast curtain may still be injured by shards of glass in the event of body armour designs over recent decades. Fabrics. Medieval technology is the technology used in medieval Europe under Christian rutadeltambor.com the Renaissance of the 12th century, medieval Europe saw a radical change in the rate of new inventions, innovations in the ways of managing traditional means of production, and economic growth. The period saw major technological advances, . It is a surrogate model for studying injuries to human torso caused by a bullet striking body protection armor placed on a person. Photographs taken with a high speed camera are used to determine deformations of the armor and the gelatin.

CAST publications CAST standards for ballistic body armour give a choice of different levels of protection, including protection against handgun, shotgun and rifle calibres.

Each of the ballistic protection levels set out in the HOSDB publications can be combined with stab protection levels to offer dual stab and ballistic protection, see: Knife and Spike Resistance C. CAST recommends that body armour is checked at regular intervals to ensure that it is in a serviceable condition; forces should introduce a system whereby reminders are provided for staff in accordance with CAST recommendations.

Where body armour has been subjected to a stab, ballistic or blunt trauma attack, CAST advice in respect of replacing the armour should be followed. Other ballistic resistant equipment which may be provided includes portable blankets, shields or screens and ballistic helmets.

PPE regulations Body armour falls within the definition of PPE for the purposes of the Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations and, therefore, carries legislative responsibilities for which chief officers are required to take cognisance.

Clothing All clothing issued to AFOs should be appropriate for their role and provide suitable protection from the weather and any other risk-assessed hazards.

In situations where threat and risk assessment justifies visually protecting the identity of AFOsbalaclavas or face-overs can provide a degree of protection.


Uniformed AFOs Uniform headwear with clearly visible police markings, or ballistic helmets can assist in visually identifying AFOs as police officers. Ski caps or berets should normally be of a dark blue, black or dark green colour, commensurate with the uniform worn by the police.

Forces should determine the operational attire to be worn by uniformed AFOs when undertaking uniformed duties. This should normally include ballistic body armour and take account of threat and risk assessment in respect of threats to which officers might foreseeably be exposed.

Non-uniformed AFOs When non-uniformed officers are carrying firearms, consideration should be given to how they would be identified as police officers should they have to draw a firearm or become overtly armed.

The system used will depend on the nature of the duties that they are performing, and may include the availability of a dark blue, dark green or black ski cap, with police markings.

Wearing a high-visibility vest, shirt or jacket with police markings may also prove beneficial.

Effect of blast loading on a person protected by body armour

Where these methods of identification are not available, officers should consider the producing warrant cards and verbally identifying themselves as armed police officers. Agreed markers Sometimes it is beneficial to use discreet, agreed markers which assist other officers in identifying AFOs.

It is, therefore, important that a suitable system of identification is defined, and that all officers involved are fully briefed and aware of it. Ballistic protection Advice on ballistic protection for non-uniformed officers can be obtained from CAST.The Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) is an expert organisation working to reduce the impact of mines, cluster munitions and other explosive hazards in the world, in close partnership with states, .

An Imperial Knight in combat. Knight armour comes in a wide variety of forms, each with their own strengths and weaknesses. The two most commonly seen types are the Knight Paladin and the Knight rutadeltambor.com both use the same basic body form, but are fitted with different weapon arrays.

Introduction: Body armour typically comprises a fabric garment covering the torso combined with hard armour (ceramic/composite). Some users wear only soft armour which provides protection from. A shaped charge is an explosive charge shaped to focus the effect of the explosive's energy.

Various types are used to cut and form metal, initiate nuclear weapons, penetrate armor, and "complete" wells in the oil and gas industry. There are only two methods of long-range transport on the Moon.

The high-speed monorails link the main settlements with a fast, comfortable service running on a regular schedule. But the rail system is very limited, and likely to remain so because of its cost. In order to provide protection from fragmenting ballistic threats, combat body armour contains multiple layers of fabric.

The garment covers the torso, but may provide (removable) protection to the upper arms, neck and groin. Such garments are thick, stiff, impede movement and increase the thermophysiological loading of the dismounted soldier.

Inside The Blast: Part 1: Anatomy Of An Explosion | Legion Magazine