Describe and evaluate the biological explanation

The next concept—scale, proportion, and quantity—concerns the sizes of things and the mathematical relationships among disparate elements. The next four concepts—systems and system models, energy and matter flows, structure and function, and stability and change—are interrelated in that the first is illuminated by the other three.

Describe and evaluate the biological explanation

Describe the role of situational and dispositional factors in explaining behaviour.

AQA Psychology A2 essays

Introduction Address the question In the psychological world, there are many different methods and approaches to the understanding and explaining of why or how people behave in certain situations. Introduce Fritz Heider Heider suggested that all people have a tendency to try to predict, understand and explain human behaviour, in terms of what causes people to behave in the ways that they do.

Therefore, AT is concerned with explanations of how each of us attributes causes for our own and others" behaviour. Introduce Heider"s assumptions According to Heider, when we observe somebody"s behaviour we are inclined to attribute its cause to either dispositional internal factors of that person or to situational external causes.

Describe the two types of attributions, with examples Dispositional attributions: We explain people"s behaviour in terms of factors which are specific to them as a person, such as their personality or other internal and generally unchanging characteristics, traits, feelings, moods and abilities.

Can be positive or negative An example of a dispositional attribution commonly seen as innate factors They are always late; they have been like that since they were born, etc.

Blaming the weather for something that has happened Example of attribution situations you could use for your essay. There are many real-life examples of how these two attributions are used in a daily basis.

The situation was that several people in the village were killed when a granary doorway collapsed.

Describe and evaluate the biological explanation

This resulted in the villagers to have attributions on why the door collapsed and killed so many people. Their attributions for this circumstance was that: The Azande attributed their deaths, or the fact that they were standing next to the walls when it collapsed was to witchcraft.

Connection of Study to Question This study shows how people may have different ways of attributing causes to events. Another scenario would be for example, Situation: A person is sitting in a restaurant, waiting for their date to show up, but he or she is late.

Describe and evaluate the biological explanation

This would result in us looking for explanations or "attributing" possible situations as to why he or she has not yet arrived. Possible attributions might be: We attributed his lateness to the dispositional factor of their nature as being late all the time.

Thus, outline the purpose of your essay As such, this essay response will aim to give a detailed account in the role of dispositional and situational factors in explaining behaviour.

Body Provide a brief explanation of why we tend to attribute behaviour? We tend to attribute behaviour because humans are "social animals" as underlined by one of the fundamental principles of the SCLOA and have a need to understand why things happen in the world around us.

People tend to make attributions based on when they are performing it themselves or if they are observing it happen. This is known as the actor-observer effect. Errors can occur when attributing tne"s behaviour, however it is also important to note that people can accurately attribute causes of behaviour to these factors situational or dispositional as well.

Give an example of an error that could occur in attribution An example of a common error when attributing one"s behaviour is humans tendency tver- emphasize dispositional factors over situational factors, especially when they are judging other people"s behaviour; this is known as the fundamental attribution error FAE.

Generally attributions follow this trend optional Positive outcomes individual behaviour.NSF January 29, Chapter II - Proposal Preparation Instructions.


Each proposing organization that is new to NSF or has not had an active NSF assistance award within the previous five years should be prepared to submit basic organization and management information and certifications, when requested, to the applicable award . Biological psychiatry is a branch of psychiatry where the focus is chiefly on researching and understanding the biological basis of major mental disorders such as unipolar and bipolar affective (mood) disorders, schizophrenia and organic mental disorders such as Alzheimer's disease.

Conclusion. Because humanists ignore the unconscious mind, heavy criticism has come from psychoanalysts' especially as they observe the theory that the unconscious mind is the most important part of psychology.

A 8-mark “evaluate” question awards 4 marks for describing one particular biological explanation of schizophrenia (AO1) and 4 marks for evaluating it with reference to treatment (AO2). You need a conclusion to get a mark in the top band ( marks).

This document describes the definitions for protocol registration data elements submitted to for interventional studies (clinical trials) and observational studies.


Defining Public Anthropology | Center for a Public Anthropology

Most philosophers delineate three types of reductionism and anti-reductionism. Ontological reductionism. Ontological reductionism is the belief that reality is composed of a minimum number of kinds of entities or substances.

Biological psychiatry - Wikipedia