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While appreciating the need for accountability, including the continued reporting of disaggregated student achievement data that these groups seek to protect, critics of high-stakes standardized testing believe a better job can be done using multiple assessments that more accurately diagnose learning needs without promoting the high stakes testing environment which has been most harmful to low-income students, students of color, English-language learners and students with special educational needs.
For the testing resistance movement to grow as a multiracial, multicultural coalition, and for the movement to gain more allies in the civil rights community, the facts about the disproportionate negative impact of standardized testing on students of color must be more clearly and effectively communicated.
What many people do not know is that the use of standardized tests has its origins in the Eugenics movement, where basic tenets assert that certain races are inferior to others biologically and intellectually. From our 21st century perspective, we can look back in horror, but we have to be clear about the original purpose of standardized tests.
Unfortunately in the United States, IQ scores were posited to be fixed and innate, and were promptly used to rank and sort individuals by race and ethnic background. Businesses, government agencies and educational institutions used IQ tests to justify placing certain people into certain jobs and excluding them from others….
They disproportionately fail state or local high school graduation exams. Those tests provide no social or educational benefit. They do not improve college or employment readiness. Not having diploma leads to higher rates of unemployment and imprisonment and lower rates of forming stable families.
Students in these groups are more likely to be held back in grade because of low test scores.
Grade retention produces no long-term academic benefits; it undermines self-esteem and doubles the likelihood of dropping out. Boys are subject to this damage more often than are girls.
In effect, the use of high-stakes testing in an overall environment of racial inequality perpetuates that inequality through the emotional and psychological power of the tests over the test-takers. High stakes testing causes additional damage to the many students of color who are English language learners.
The tests are often inaccurate for ELLs, leading to misplacement or retention. ELLs are, alongside students with disabilities, those least likely to pass graduation tests.
African Americans, especially boys, are disproportionately placed or misplaced in special education, frequently based on test results. These programs often fail to fully educate them Citations for this FairTest fact sheet can be found at http: Jay Rosner, executive director of the Princeton Review Foundation, which provides test preparation programs for the college-entrance Scholastic Aptitude Test SATreported in that potential SAT questions which are answered correctly more often by black students than white students are rejected by the test makers.
Using this year-old quote: The book is about an African-American family and is familiar to many African-American children, but the illustrations showed a white family.
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The SAT (/ ˌ ɛ s ˌ eɪ ˈ t iː / ess-ay-TEE) is a standardized test widely used for college admissions in the United rutadeltambor.comuced in , its name and scoring have changed several times; originally called the Scholastic Aptitude Test, it was later called the Scholastic Assessment Test, then the SAT I: Reasoning Test, then the SAT Reasoning Test, and now, simply the SAT.
Printer-friendly page. The Rise of the Adult Education and Literacy System in the United States: If you wanted to efficiently assess what students know about various aspects of the civil rights movement in the United States from to , you would give them a standardized achievement test Sarah received a percentile rank of 30 on the quantitative portion of a fourth-grade standardized test.
Essay Argument Against Standardized Testing Argument Against Standardized Testing President Bush is promoting annual standardized testing for all students in grades three through eight. This bill is currently being considered in .
Standardized Testing Robert L. White Advanced Writing Bill Bohnert February 2, In years past thousands of grade school students have been drug throughout the school systems of the United States without a single thought to whether they acquired the knowledge necessary to be successful in the working world or college.